Town population size and structuring into villages and households drive infectious disease risks in pre-healthcare Finland

Female-biased sex ratios in urban centers create a “fertility trap” in post-war Finland

Offspring fertility and grandchild survival enhanced by maternal grandmothers in a pre-indu

Congratulations to Simon for successfully defending his thesis!

Special thanks to John Loerh and all the staff at the Lammi Biological Station, University of Helsinki for hosting us!

Photo by Jonathan Webb, edited by Esko Pettay

It’s a natural part of the female life cycle – so why don’t we talk more about the menopause, its debilitating effects and possible mitigation?